Current accounts of speech perception and production are mainly based on findings obtained under ideal, usually non-communicative, conditions. While these findings have provided a rich understanding of the architecture and
time course of spoken language processes, there is a critical need to evaluate how well such accounts generalize to conditions of real world language use. In this talk, Navin Viswanathan will share a series of experiments that examine speech perception under conditions of adverse listening. He will briefly branch out to describe an application of this line of work. He will conclude the talk by examining theoretical issues that needs to be addressed for an improved understanding of spoken language processes in ecologically-typical conditions.